Articles and Essays by David Bohm

This list excludes all formal, peer-reviewed journal and scientific articles by David Bohm which we list under a different section of this website.

Listed in chronological order:


1974

Reality and Knowledge Considered as a Process

"I regard the essence of the notion of process as given by the statement: Not only is everything changing, but all is flux. That is to say, what is is the process of becoming intself, while all objects, events, entities, conditions, structures, etc. are forms that can be abstracted from this process." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1974

The Implicate or Enfolded Order: A New Order for Physics

"The quantum theory is, without doubt, the most revolutionary development in modern physics. Unfortunately, a large part of its potential impact on our overall world view has been lost sight of, because it is generally treated as being nothing more than a calculus, for which no general imaginative conception is thought possible. The main emphasis in working with this theory has therefore been on the development of a mathematical formalism that can predict the widest possible range of expirmental results. In this talk I shall however describe in general terms how the quantum theory, understood somewhat more imaginatively than is usually done, can point to a new order in physics, which I call the enfolded order, or the implicate order." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1975

An Experiment in Learning

"The Brockwood Park Educational Centre was set up in January, 1969, to inquire into a fundamental question raised by J. Krishnamurti – can the members of a community of staff and students free themselves, as they learn and live together, from their background of destructive conditioning. We can now begin to assess this experiment and see what value its results may have for future work along these lines, not only at Brockwood Park, but also in other educational institutions. " -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, hosted at our site at David Bohm on Education.

Available for purchase: No.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1979

On Insight and its Significance for Science, Education and Values

"The author begins by considering how insight takes place within the discipline of scientific research with which he is the most familiar. He then discusses the relationship of insight to reason, and from there goes on to more general areas, first to that of education, and then to the whole question of values, which is so important for the overall order of our lives. In all of this we shall see the ultimate inadequacy of the attempt to proceed solely from the necessarily limited field of the known, and we shall indicate the sort of insight that is needed to go beyond such limitation." -- Teachers College Record website

Available for free online: No.

Available for purchase: Yes, at the Teachers College Record.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1981

Insight, Knowledge, Science, and Human Values

"In the field of science, the meaning of insight can be understood by looking at theories which deal with universal laws that have fundamental significance for the totality of matter, independently of conditions of time and space." -- ERIC

Available for free online: No.

Available for purchase: Yes, at the Teachers College Record.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1981

A Plot for a Science Fiction Fable (Inspired by Joseph Weizenbaum's Talk)

"Silicon-based intelligence (SBI) and carbon-based intelligence (CBI) are now working together in inseparable union, in ways that could not even have been conceived of in earlier periods. Even so, primitive memories in CBI occasionally still tend to stir, but the new quality of undivided intelligence is able to deal with these before they can run away with themselves and once again dominate everything with their irrationalities and absurdities." -- Teachers College Record website

Available for free online: No.

Available for purchase: Yes, at the Teachers College Record.

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1981

Knowledge & Insight

"The following was adapted from an informal talk given by professor Bohm in Santa Monica, California in 1981. Also included are several brief passages from two additional sources: Thought As A System 1990, and Changing Consciousness 1991." -- From the article

Available for free online: Yes, at the Touch the Future website as a PDF Document.

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1985

Soma-significance and the Activity of Meaning

"To bring out how soma and significance are related, we first note that each particular kind of significance is carried by some somatic order, arrangement, connection, and organization of distinguishable elements. For example, the printed marks on this piece of paper carry a meaning, which is apprehended by the reader. In a television set, the movement of electrical signals, communicated to an electron beam, carries a meaning to the viewer. Modern scientific studies strongly indicate that such meanings are carried somatically by further physical, chemical, and electrical processes into the brain and the rest of the nervous system, where they are apprehended at higher and higher intellectual and emotional levels of meaning." -- From the article

Available for free online: Yes, at the Rebprotocol website as a PDF File.

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1989

Meaning & Information

From the book "The Search for Meaning".

"To bring this out, we first note that an intention generally arises out of a previous perception of meaning or significance of a certain total situation. This gives all the relevant possibilities and implies reasons for choosing which of these is better. As a simple example, one may consider the various foods that one may eat. The actual choice may be made according to the significance of the food as something that one likes or dislikes, but it may depend further on the meaning of the knowledge that one has about the nutrient qualities of the food. More generally, such a choice, whether to act or not to act, will depend on the totality of significance at that moment. The source of all this activity includes not only perception and abstract or explicit knowledge, but also what Polanyi called tacit knowledge; i.e., knowledge containing concrete skills and reactions that are not specifiable in language (as for example is demonstrated in riding a bicycle). Ultimately, it is this whole Significance, including all sorts of potential and virtual actions, that gives rise to the overall intention, which we sense as a feeling of being ready to respond in a certain way." -- From the article

Available for free online: Yes, at the Implicity website as a PDF Document.

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1989

Notes on General Theory of Thought

A short but fascinating 9 page outline, presumably for a book David Bohm was considering writing, on a theory of thought.

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF Document).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


1993

For Truth Try Dialogue

Reprinted in Resurgence, No. 156, vol 13 (1993). The original publication was reportedly in Noetic Sciences Review (date unknown).

"Now, you could say that our ordinary thought in society is incoherent—it is going in all sorts of directions, with thoughts conflicting and canceling each other out. But if people were to think together in a coherent way, as in a dialogue situation, it would have tremendous power. Then we might have such a coherent movement of communication, coherent not only at the level we recognize, but at the tacit level—at the level for which we have only a vague feeling. That would be even more important." -- From the article

Available for free online: Yes, at Nick Consoletti's website.

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

The Crisis Humanity is Facing

"This book deals with a crisis that humanity is facing. This crisis started a long time ago but it is getting much worse. The crisis is potentially very dangerous because it threatens the survival of mankind and perhaps even all life on this planet. We should, therefore, give it serious attention to see if anything can be done to stop it."

Available for free online: Yes, the David Bohm Papers has three different documents pertaining to this untitled work: 1, 2, and 3 (all PDF files).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

On Self-Deception in the Indidvidual, in Groups, and in Society as a Whole

"Of course, it has been common knowledge over the ages that mankind has this sort of tendency toward self-deception. But what is not commonly realised is not just the pervasive nature of this tendency, but much more, the extraordinarily great difficulty of getting free of the kind of trap described above." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

The Problem and the Paradox

"However, when one puts forth an idea in the form of a problem, there are certain largely tacit and implicit presuppositions, which must be satisfied, if the activity is to make sense. Among these, is of course the assumption that the questions raised are rational and free of contradiction. Sometimes, without our noticing it, we accept absurd problems with false or slef-contradictory presuppositions." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

Consciosness and Self-Consciousness

"Consciousness generally has had some object other than itself for its content. But the feature of consciousness that is generally of major interest to people is self-consciousness; i.e., consciousness whose content is itself." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

Insight into Measure in the East and in the West

"To understand more deeply what is involved in these questions, it is useful to go into the difference between Eastern and Western notions of measure. For these have crucial significance in the development of the different general attitudes to life that have come about over the centuries in these two parts of the world." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

The Negative Approach to the Meaning of Language

"Words and their meanings are never more than abstractions, which cannot substitute for that which they refer." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.


Date Unknown

Draft on the Subject of Order

Note: Page 1 is missing.

"Moreover, the notion of order is evidently more fundamental than other notions, such as for example, that of the relationships and classes, which is now generally regarded as basic in mathematics." -- David Bohm

Available for free online: Yes, at the David Bohm Papers (PDF file).

Available for purchase: No

Held at the David Bohm Society Archive: Yes.